Canada-U.S. Shared Border: Key to Security and Prosperity

Canada and the United States enjoy the largest bilateral trading relationship in the world and close to 400,000 people cross our shared border each day for business, pleasure, or to maintain family ties.

The secure and efficient flow of legitimate goods and people are vital to our economic competitiveness and mutual prosperity.

On February 4, 2011, the Prime Minister of Canada and the President of the United States issued a Declaration, Beyond the Border: A Shared Vision for Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness. The Declaration established a new long-term partnership built upon a perimeter approach to security and economic competitiveness. This means working together, not just at the border, but beyond the border to enhance our security and accelerate the legitimate flow of people, goods and services.

This plan is focused on four areas of cooperation:

Addressing threats early

  • Enhance understanding of the threat environment through joint assessments
  • Share information and intelligence in support of law enforcement and national security, respecting each country's respective constitutional and legal frameworks
  • Cooperation to countering violent extremism in both countries

Trade facilitation, economic growth and jobs

Cross-border law enforcement

  • Cooperate on national security and transnational criminal investigations
  • Provide interoperable radio capability for law enforcement actors

Critical infrastructure and cyber security

Infrastructure is a very important part of a shared border. The new Gordie Howe International Bridge currently in development between Windsor, Ontario with Detroit, Michigan – which is the busiest Canada-U.S. commercial crossing with over 18,500   trucks crossing each day (2016) – will create thousands of jobs and opportunities in Canada and the U.S. both during the construction period and in the years to come, and ensure continued economic growth on both sides of the border.