Canada-U.S. Shared Border: Key to Security and Prosperity

Canada and the United States enjoy the largest bilateral trading relationship in the world and over 400,000 people cross our shared border each day for business, pleasure, or to maintain family ties.

The secure and efficient flow of legitimate goods and people are vital to our economic competitiveness and mutual prosperity.

To further enhance and strengthen this world-class bilateral border relationship, Prime Minister Stephen Harper and President Barack Obama announced in December 2011 that Canada and the United States would launch the Action Plan on Perimeter Security and Economic Competiveness.

This plan is focused on four areas of cooperation:

  • Addressing threats early;
  • Trade facilitation, economic growth and jobs;
  • Integrated cross-border law enforcement; and
  • Critical infrastructure and cyber-security

Infrastructure is a very important part of a shared border. The new International Trade Crossing (NITC) at the Windsor-Detroit border crossing – the busiest Canada-U.S. commercial crossing with over 8,000 trucks crossing each day – will create thousands of jobs and opportunities in Canada and the U.S. both during the construction period and in the years to come, and ensure continued economic growth on both sides of the border.

There are many other Canada-U.S. border programs where we work together on protecting our citizens and on securing the free and efficient flow of goods.


  • Over 400,000 people cross our shared border each day.
  • 8,000 trucks cross Windsor-Detroit border each day.